African-American women pilots making history

first_imgBessie ColemanIn the field of aviation, Bessie Coleman was a pioneer. In 1921, she was the first African-American woman to obtain a pilot’s license — an international one — and fly a plane.Coleman was born in 1892 in Atlanta, Texas, to sharecroppers whose parents had been enslaved. She was one of 13 children. The family lived in a one-room cabin. When Coleman was two years old, they moved to Waxahachie, Texas. Several years later, the father, who was also of Native ancestry, left and moved to an Oklahoma reservation to obtain the civil rights that were denied to Blacks and Native peoples in Texas.In 1915, at age 23, Coleman moved to Chicago, where she began listening to and reading stories of World War I pilots. This sparked her interest in aviation. But because of racial and gender discrimination, no flight school in the U.S. would accept her.Coleman moved to France where she completed her flight training and earned her pilot’s license. She also gained further flying experience in Holland and Germany. She specialized in stunt flying and parachute jumps and performed ­aerial tricks.Coleman bought an old plane, and while on a trial flight with the mechanic pilot, the plane dived and Coleman fell out of the cockpit before it crashed. She died April 30, 1926, at age 34, and received recognition as a hero after her death.In 1997, Stephanie Johnson made history by becoming the first Black woman pilot for Northwest Airlines. Twenty years later, in 2016, she became the first Black woman captain for Delta Airlines.Johnson says she was encouraged by a high school teacher to follow her dream of flying. There were no pilots in her life growing up, she says, but for as long as she can remember she’s been fascinated by airplanes. She studied flying while attending Kent State University in Kent, Ohio. Upon graduating, she became a flight instructor for Kent State’s aviation program.Johnson and Dawn Cook, an African-American First Officer pilot for Delta Airlines, made history on Feb. 26 after organizing a historic flight together. The two women piloted a Delta Airlines flight from Detroit to Las Vegas. Delta celebrated Johnson during Black History Month and honored both women during Women’s History Month.Johnson encourages young children to consider a career in aviation and has worked with the Detroit Aviation Career Education Academy. She also served as director of the academy. She states, “I feel I have a great sense of responsibility to be a positive role model; that there were so few women in this profession, and too many women who still don’t think of it as a career option.” (Huffington Post, March 2)Johnson adds, “When I was hired by Northwest Airlines, there were 12 African-American women airline pilots in the country at the major airlines, and I knew all of their names. … One of the most rewarding parts of my career has been sharing my passion for aviation and exposing young people to the opportunities in the field.”FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

NASA/JPL Revealed Discovery of 7 Earth-Sized Planets Existing In A Habitable Zone Around a Single Star

first_img First Heatwave Expected Next Week 3 recommended0 commentsShareShareTweetSharePin it HerbeautyThis Trend Looks Kind Of Cool!HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty6 Strong Female TV Characters Who Deserve To Have A SpinoffHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyStop Eating Read Meat (Before It’s Too Late)HerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeauty9 Of The Best Family Friendly Dog BreedsHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHere Is What Scientists Say Will Happen When You Eat AvocadosHerbeautyHerbeautyHerbeautyHe Is Totally In Love With You If He Does These 7 ThingsHerbeautyHerbeauty EVENTS & ENTERTAINMENT | FOOD & DRINK | THE ARTS | REAL ESTATE | HOME & GARDEN | WELLNESS | SOCIAL SCENE | GETAWAYS | PARENTS & KIDS Pasadena Will Allow Vaccinated People to Go Without Masks in Most Settings Starting on Tuesday Make a comment Community News faithfernandez More » ShareTweetShare on Google+Pin on PinterestSend with WhatsApp,Virtual Schools PasadenaHomes Solve Community/Gov/Pub SafetyCitizen Service CenterPASADENA EVENTS & ACTIVITIES CALENDARClick here for Movie Showtimes Get our daily Pasadena newspaper in your email box. Free.Get all the latest Pasadena news, more than 10 fresh stories daily, 7 days a week at 7 a.m. This artist’s impression shows a view of the surface of the planet Proxima b orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, the closest star to the solar system. The double star Alpha Centauri AB also appears in the image. Proxima b is a little more massive than the Earth and orbits in the habitable zone around Proxima Centauri, where the temperature is suitable for liquid water to exist on its surface. Credits: ESO/M. KornmesserNASA streamed a live press conference on its website Wednesday morning to inform the world of its discovery of not one, but seven Earth-sized planets that exist in a habitable zone around a single nearby star.The planets were observed by NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope around a tiny, nearby, ultra-cool dwarf star called TRAPPIST-1, according to a NASA press release.Three of these planets are firmly located in the habitable zone, the area around the parent star where a rocky planet is most likely to have liquid water.“This is the most exciting result I have seen in the 14 years of Spitzer operations,” said Sean Carey, manager of NASA’s Spitzer Science Center at Caltech/IPAC in Pasadena, “Spitzer will follow up in the fall to further refine our understanding of these planets so that the James Webb Space Telescope can follow up. More observations of the system are sure to reveal more secrets.”NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, manages the Spitzer Space Telescope mission for NASA’s Science Mission Directorate. Science operations are conducted at the Spitzer Science Center at Caltech.A paper published in this week’s science journal Nature suggests that the six inner planets are located in the temperate zone, where the temperature at the surfaces of these planets could be between 0 and 100 degrees Celsius.In May 2016, Michaël Gillon and colleagues reported the detection of three exoplanets transiting an ultracool dwarf star called TRAPPIST-1, which is located 12 parsecs (about 39 light years) from the Sun, according to Nature.Motivated by this discovery, the authors conducted a monitoring campaign of the star from the ground and from space that allowed them to identify four additional planets in this system. Initial mass estimates suggest that the six inner planets have masses that are similar to the mass of Earth and probably have rocky compositions.At about 40 light-years (235 trillion miles) from Earth, the system of planets is relatively close to us, in the constellation Aquarius. Because they are located outside of our solar system, these planets are scientifically known as exoplanets.“This discovery could be a significant piece in the puzzle of finding habitable environments, places that are conducive to life,” said Thomas Zurbuchen, associate administrator of the agency’s Science Mission Directorate in Washington. “Answering the question ‘are we alone’ is a top science priority and finding so many planets like these for the first time in the habitable zone is a remarkable step forward toward that goal.”Following up on the Spitzer discovery, NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope has initiated the screening of four of the planets, including the three inside the habitable zone. These observations aim at assessing the presence of puffy, hydrogen-dominated atmospheres, typical for gaseous worlds like Neptune, around these planets.Spitzer, Hubble, and Kepler will help astronomers plan for follow-up studies using NASA’s upcoming James Webb Space Telescope, launching in 2018. Webb will be able to detect the chemical fingerprints of water, methane, oxygen, ozone, and other components of a planet’s atmosphere With much greater sensitivity.Webb also will analyze planets’ temperatures and surface pressures which are key factors in assessing their habitability, according to NASA.For more information about Spitzer, visit more information on the TRAPPIST-1 system, visit more information on exoplanets, visit Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *center_img Business News Subscribe Home of the Week: Unique Pasadena Home Located on Madeline Drive, Pasadena More Cool Stuff Community News Name (required)  Mail (required) (not be published)  Website  Science and Technology NASA/JPL Revealed Discovery of 7 Earth-Sized Planets Existing In A Habitable Zone Around a Single Star From NASA/JPL Published on Wednesday, February 22, 2017 | 11:52 am Pasadena’s ‘626 Day’ Aims to Celebrate City, Boost Local Economy Top of the News last_img read more

Bridge restoration work praised

first_imgREGARDED by many as the jewel in the crown of Limerick city’s bridges, the restoration of the Victorian Lamp Standards on Sarsfield Bridge has been welcomed by Sean Griffin, member of he city council’s environment committee. Referring also to the work being carried out on the under-structure of the bridge, which was designed by the world famous architect, Alexander Nemo and based on the Point Neuilly Bridge in Paris, Mr Griffin said that coupled with the work on the under structure that is currently n progress, “this specialist work will go a long way towards restoring the bridge to its former glory.Sign up for the weekly Limerick Post newsletter Sign Up “It has taken a long time to get to this venture but when it is complete, the city will have an architectural gem that it once again can be proud of. It will also hopefully, mean that those god awful “string of pearl lights” can be removed from the parapet forever”.To complete the bridge refurbishment, Mr Griffin is urging the council to also “have the vision to clean and restore the 1916 Memorial on the bridge and remove the bushes that are obscuring the Clancy/O’Callaghan memorial at the Strand Hotel.”. Linkedin Advertisement Facebook Previous articlePublic put on full alert on fire brigade chargesNext articleGood Food Ireland awards 2011 admin NewsLocal NewsBridge restoration work praisedBy admin – November 24, 2011 529 center_img Print Email WhatsApp Twitterlast_img read more

Source: Raiders release WR Seth Roberts after five seasons with team

first_imgCLICK HERE if you are having a problem viewing the photos on a mobile deviceThe Raiders have released wide receiver Seth Roberts, a source told the Bay Area News Group on Thursday.Roberts, who the Raiders signed as an undrafted free agent out of West Alabama in 2014, was one of six players remaining on the Raiders who had been with the team since 2015 and one of only four who had been with the team since 2014. Quarterback Derek Carr (2014), defensive tackle Justin Ellis (2014), guard Gabe …last_img read more

PM Narendra Modi reunites godson with family in Nepal

first_img01:45 PM: Prime Ministers Narendra Modi of India and Sushil Koirala of Nepal met on Sunday afternoon for one-on-one talks, officials said.This will be followed by delegation level discussions between the two countries.12:24 pm: PM Narendra Modi reunites Nepal godson Jeet Bahadur with family.11:10 AM: Guard of honour for PM Narendra Modi at Tribhuvan International Airport, Kathmandu.10:50 AM: Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrives in Kathmandu on a two-day official visit to Nepal.09:00 AM: Prime Minister Narendra Modi left for his maiden bilateral visit to fellow SAARC nation Nepal, accompanied by a high level delegation.It seemed to be a scene taken out from a Bollywood movie but the only thing was that it was real, the story of lost and found.It was an emotional reunion of 26-year-old Jeet Bahadur, a Nepalese youth, with his family after about 16 years of separation. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has had a key role in this reunion.Bahadur had got lost in India and Modi found him in Ahmedabad. Since then he played the role of a guardian to him, looking after him and ensuring his education and well-being.Soon after arriving here for a two-day visit, Modi handed over Bahadur to his mother Khagisara and brother Dasharath Sarumagar and younger sister. Dasharath’s wife and children were also present at the emotional reunion.With an aim of starting a “new chapter” in India’s relations with Nepal, Prime Minister Narendra Modi arrived in Kathmandu on Sunday to a rousing welcome with his counterpart in a special gesture receiving him at the airport.advertisementModi, the first Indian Prime Minister to pay a bilateral visit to Nepal in 17 years, was received at the Tribhuvan International Airport here by Prime Minister Sushil Koirala who deviated from protocol for the purpose.Deputy Prime Ministers Bam Dev Gautam and Prakash Man Singh were also present at the airport.A colorful ceremonial guard of honour was presented to Prime Minister Modi at the airport with the anthems of India and Nepal being played.Modi was also offered a 19-gun salute by the Nepal Army.There was tight security in and around the airport.The route from the airport to the hotel, a drive of about 10 minutes, saw an impromptu line up of the local people who had turned out in large numbers, waving flags and clicking photographs with cameras as well as mobile phones.”I am excited about my visit and pleased that I am able to go there within weeks of assuming office as Prime Minister,” Modi had said in his pre-departure statement summing up the sentiment attached to the two-day trip.On the official part, Modi will be holding talks with his counterpart Koirala and meet other political leaders. He will also have the rare honour of addressing Nepal’s Constituent Assembly.Prime Minister Modi was accompanied by National Security Advisor Ajit K Doval and Foreign Secretary Sujatha Singh.Ahead of his visit, Modi had said that he looks forward to working with the Nepalese leadership to forge a “new relationship” by identifying steps to strengthen bilateral cooperation in key sectors, including trade and investment, hydropower, agriculture and agro-processing, environment, tourism, education, culture and sports.”I hope my visit will open a new chapter in India-Nepal relations, characterised by more frequent political engagement and closer cooperation across the full spectrum of our extraordinarily broad-based relations, which will serve as a model and catalyst for South Asian partnership for prosperity,” Modi had said.Describing Nepal as a close friend and neighbour, he had said, “We have had the privilege of being a leading partner in Nepal’s socio-economic development. We are committed to continue our support to Nepal in its development efforts.”During the visit, the two countries are expected to sign agreements in sectors like power. India may also announce economic aid for that country.Referring to the recent meeting of India-Nepal Joint Commission after a long gap of 23 years, Modi said it reviewed the entire gamut of bilateral relations and cooperation with a focus on economic relations, trade and connectivity.In 1997, then Prime Minister I K Gujral had visited Nepal. The last Indian Prime Minister to visit Nepal was A B Vajpayee in 2002 for a SAARC summit.During his stay here, Modi would also perform a half-an-hour special prayer at the 5th century Pashupatinath temple.He will perform the prayer at the main temple situated on the banks of river Bagmati on the outskirts of Kathmandu on Sunday by giving a bath of ‘panchamrit’ to Shiva Linga.The temple, listed in UNESCO World Heritage Sites, is one of the most significant Hindu temples of Shiva in the world.advertisementlast_img read more


first_imgSEA Games hosting troubles anger Duterte Grace Poe files bill to protect govt teachers from malicious accusations Oil plant explodes in Pampanga town US judge bars Trump’s health insurance rule for immigrants Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next Inquirer Varsity Seven: Ateneo’s Maddie Madayag PLAY LIST 01:00Inquirer Varsity Seven: Ateneo’s Maddie Madayag00:42Inquirer Varsity Seven: La Salle’s Kim Dy01:11Anusorn ”Tai” Bundit-Anthony ”Tony Boy” Liao-Michelle Morente presscon-UAAP women’s volleyball02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war Cebu CC steals spotlight from fancied rivals Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting LATEST STORIES “If you can’t make a service ace, it’s OK,” he said. “But at least send the serve in.”After being held to a set-count tie after two frames, La Salle’s mix of veterans and youngsters rose to the occasion at Filoil Flying V Centre to finally snuff out the NU challenge.Team captain Desiree Cheng, scoreless in the first two sets, finished with 14 points in the next two to lead the La Salle charge. Neophyte Jolina dela Cruz, who rose from the Palarong Pambansa to a starting spot with a UAAP powerhouse, added 12 points.And new recruit Lourdes Clemente made her five points count when the Lady Spikers needed her.NU, buoyed by a strong second set, turned to rookie Princess Robles, who anchored the Lady Bulldogs’ upset hopes.ADVERTISEMENT ‘We are too hospitable,’ says Sotto amid SEA Games woes On Wednesday, it was no different.After repulsing the gritty challenge of a young National U squad, 25-10, 20-25, 27-25, 25-22, De Jesus shifted focus away from the fact that his wards are now the solo leaders of Season 81’s tournament and shone a spotlight on La Salle’s frailties.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSUrgent reply from Philippine ‍football chiefSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption charges“I got frustrated by our errors, especially service errors,” De Jesus said in Filipino. “It’s like free throws in basketball. It’s all on us because you can’t blame the opposing team.”What alarmed De Jesus was the fact that La Salle’s service game is one of its strongest suits. “I saw NU’s strength. They receive well. Their floor defense is very good although there wasn’t much option in the offensive end,” De Jesus said. “But our problem was the errors.”The Lady Spikers threw away 25 points on unforced errors, among them from the service area.“I told them that already. They must respect NU because I saw their (Lady Bulldogs) game against UE. They are a solid team,” De Jesus added.Fortunately for La Salle, NU committed even more errors, 31, which was understandable for a team made up of six rookies.Ivy Lacsina added 16 points, while veteran Audrey Paran chalked up 11 for the Lady Bulldogs, who looked sharp in the second set with their edge in attack points, 15-7, and service aces, 3-0.But La Salle’s depth and experience wore down the Lady Bulldogs as May Luna finished with 14 and Aduke Ogunsanya had 13.NU dropped to 0-3, the same record now sported by Adamson, which lost in the later game to University of the East, 20-25, 28-26, 25-23, 25-22.The Lady Warriors climbed to 1-2. Urgent reply from Philippine ‍football chief MOST READ Photo by Tristan Tamayo/INQUIRER.netLa Salle coach Ramil de Jesus doesn’t talk like a coach whose team is on an unbeaten run in UAAP women’s volleyball.The temperamental mentor, after all, is always on the lookout for things to improve on, like a mad genius in a quest for perfection.ADVERTISEMENT View commentslast_img read more

13 days agoMourinho names Ronaldo Nazario as greatest player of all-time

first_imgMourinho names Ronaldo Nazario as greatest player of all-timeby Paul Vegas13 days agoSend to a friendShare the loveJose Mourinho has named Ronaldo Nazario as the greatest player of all-time.Having enjoyed a glittering managerial career, which has seen him take charge of Chelsea, Inter Milan, Real Madrid and Manchester United, Mourinho knows a thing or two about talented footballers. “Ronaldo, El Fenomeno, Cristiano Ronaldo and Leo Messi have had longer careers, they have remained at the top every day for 15 years,” Mourinho told LiveScore.“However, if we are talking strictly about talent and skill, nobody surpasses Ronaldo [Nazario]. When he was at Barcelona with Bobby Robson, I realised that he was the best player I’d ever seen take to the field.“Injuries killed a career that could have been even more incredible, but the talent that that 19-year-old boy had was something incredible.” About the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your saylast_img read more

Higher gas prices help boost retail sales in September

first_imgOTTAWA – Higher gasoline prices helped bump retail sales higher in September, but economists said it appears consumer spending has cooled after a hot start to the year.Statistics Canada said Thursday retail sales edged up 0.1 per cent to $49.1 billion in September, boosted by sales at gasoline stations as prices climbed due to disruptions caused by hurricane Harvey.However, excluding sales in this subsector, retail sales fell 0.2 per cent.“Retail sales are losing steam, but given the sky-high rates of growth that they were tracking, a cooling was inevitable,” CIBC economist Nick Exarhos wrote in a report.Exarhos noted the result fell short of the consensus expectations for gains of closer to one per cent.Overall, sales were up in five of 11 subsectors, representing 52 per cent of retail trade. After removing the effects of price changes, retail sales in volume terms fell 0.6 per cent.Sales at gasoline stations were up 2.6 per cent as prices rose, largely due to higher prices. In volume terms, sales at gasoline stations declined 2.5 per cent.Economists have been predicting the economy would slow in the second half of the year after a strong start to 2017 which saw the Bank of Canada raise its key interest rate twice.However, while the central bank has said that future rate hikes are likely it has struck a more cautious tone about when that may happen, noting that it will be keeping a keen eye on the incoming economic data.TD Bank economist Dina Ignjatovic said the retail sales data was in line with the slowing in economic activity expected by the Bank of Canada.“Consumer spending has been a key driver of economic growth this year and while a more sustainable rate of growth is likely, it should remain a key support going forward,” Ignjatovic wrote.“Indeed, some improvement in retail sales could be in the cards, in line with the uptick in housing market activity and a strong labour market.”last_img read more

Can Zuckerbergs media blitz take the pressure off Facebook

first_imgNEW YORK, N.Y. – In the wake of a privacy scandal involving a Trump-connected data-mining firm, Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg embarked on a rare media mini-blitz in an attempt to take some of the public and political pressure off the social network.But it’s far from clear whether he’s won over U.S. and European authorities, much less the broader public whose status updates provide Facebook with an endless stream of data it uses to sell targeted ads.On Wednesday, the generally reclusive Zuckerberg sat for an interview on CNN and conducted several more with other outlets, addressing reports that Cambridge Analytica purloined the data of more than 50 million Facebook users in order to sway elections. The Trump campaign paid the firm $6 million during the 2016 election, although it has since distanced itself from Cambridge.Zuckerberg apologized for a “major breach of trust,” admitted mistakes and outlined steps to protect users following Cambridge’s data grab.“I am really sorry that happened,” Zuckerberg said on CNN. Facebook has a “responsibility” to protect its users’ data, he added, noting that if it fails, “we don’t deserve to have the opportunity to serve people.”His mea culpa on cable television came a few hours after he acknowledged his company’s mistakes in a Facebook post , but without saying he was sorry.Zuckerberg and Facebook’s No. 2 executive, Sheryl Sandberg, had been quiet since news broke Friday that Cambridge may have used data improperly obtained from roughly 50 million Facebook users to try to sway elections. Cambridge’s clients included Donald Trump’s general-election campaign.Facebook shares have dropped some 8 per cent, lopping about $46 billion off the company’s market value, since the revelations were first published.While several experts said Zuckerberg took an important step with the CNN interview, few were convinced that he put the Cambridge issue behind hm. Zuckerberg’s apology, for instance, seemed rushed and pro forma to Helio Fred Garcia, a crisis-management professor at NYU and Columbia University.“He didn’t acknowledge the harm or potential harm to the affected users,” Garcia said. “I doubt most people realized he was apologizing.”Instead, the Facebook chief pointed to steps the company has already taken, such as a 2014 move to restrict the access outside apps had to user data. (That move came too late to stop Cambridge.) And he laid out a series of technical changes that will further limit the data such apps can collect, pledged to notify users when outsiders misuse their information and said Facebook will “audit” apps that exhibit troubling behaviour.That audit will be a giant undertaking, said David Carroll, a media researcher at the Parsons School of Design in New York — one that he said will likely turn up a vast number of apps that did “troubling, distressing things.”But on other fronts, Zuckerberg carefully hedged otherwise striking remarks.In the CNN interview, for instance, he said he would be “happy” to testify before Congress — but only if it was “the right thing to do.” Zuckerberg went on to note that many other Facebook officials might be more appropriate witnesses depending on what Congress wanted to know.At another point, the Facebook chief seemed to favour regulation for Facebook and other internet giants. At least, that is, the “right” kind of rules, such as ones requiring online political ads to disclose who paid for them. In almost the next breath, however, Zuckerberg steered clear of endorsing a bill that would write such rules into federal law, and instead talked up Facebook’s own voluntary efforts on that front.“They’ll fight tooth and nail to fight being regulated,” said Timothy Carone, a Notre Dame business professor. “In six months we’ll be having the same conversations, and it’s just going to get worse going into the election.”Even Facebook’s plan to let users know about data leaks may put the onus on users to educate themselves. Zuckerberg said Facebook will “build a tool” that lets users see if their information had been impacted by the Cambridge leak, suggesting that the company won’t be notifying people automatically. Facebook took this kind of do-it-yourself approach in the case of Russian election meddling, in contrast to Twitter, which notified users who had been exposed to Russian propaganda on its network.In what has become one of the worst backlashes Facebook has ever seen, politicians in the U.S. and Britain have called for Zuckerberg to explain its data practices in detail. State attorneys general in Massachusetts, New York and New Jersey have opened investigations into the Cambridge mess. And some have rallied to a movement that urges people to delete their Facebook accounts entirely.Sandy Parakilas, who worked in data protection for Facebook in 2011 and 2012, told a U.K. parliamentary committee Wednesday that the company was vigilant about its network security but lax when it came to protecting users’ data.He said personal data including email addresses and in some cases private messages was allowed to leave Facebook servers with no real controls on how the data was used after that.Paul Argenti, a business professor at Dartmouth, said that while Zuckerberg’s comments hit the right notes, they still probably aren’t enough. “The question is, can you really trust Facebook,” he said. “I don’t think that question has been answered.”Cambridge Analytica headquarters in central London was briefly evacuated Thursday as a precaution after a suspicious package was received. Nothing dangerous was found and normal business resumed, police said.___AP reporters Danica Kirka and Gregory Katz in London and Michael Liedtke in San Francisco contributed to this story.last_img read more