Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp ALERT # 2 ON POTENTIAL TROPICAL CYCLONE NINE ISSUED BY THE BAHAMAS DEPARTMENT OF METEOROLOGY THURSDAY 12TH SEPTEMBER, 2019 AT 9 PM EDT The Luxury of Grace Bay in Down Town Provo Related Items:#magneticmedianews Facebook Twitter Google+LinkedInPinterestWhatsApp Turks and Caicos, March 6, 2017 – Providenciales – In honor of Education Week 2017, FLOW TCI has partnered with the largest public school in the TCI, Oseta Jolly Primary, to provide lunch packaged in FLOW branded lunch kits for the lower grade students and drawstring backpacks for the higher grade students.Present at the school was Mrs. Delleriece Hall, Country Manager for FLOW TCI, Mr. Darron Hilaire, Marketing Communications Executive and other excited and enthused team members. “In order to ensure success, you have to be equipped with the right tools. We as a team, therefore, thought it necessary to celebrate with the little learners at Oseta Jolly during EW17 to equip them be successful in their learning process,” says Hall.The students and teachers were thrilled for their presence and partnership as the team is always a source of motivation to the school family. Hilaire added, “It is a joy to be able to see the humility and appreciation from students when we do our part in giving back. We were delighted to able to bring such an experience to the students at Oseta Jolly to kick of EW17.”Principal Mrs. Rachel Handfield, thanked Flow for their continous support of the school and their support of Education Week 2017. We would like to take this opportunity to wish all students and teachers throughout the TCI, a joy filled and encouraging week.#MagneticMediaNews Recommended for you Electricity Cost of Service Study among the big agenda items at September 11 Cabinet meeting
As if we needed a reminder about how bad the economy is right now.To mark the 12-month anniversary later this year of the start of the economic recession, SmartMoney magazine has launched a social media project called Countdown to the Crash. The magazine is tweeting daily stories from the previous year, chronicling what life was like, day-by-day, before and during the brutal economic decline. The tweets began this month and will continue through December. Sure, Countdown to the Crash is an interesting use of social media, but as the economy continues to struggle, and unemployment claims continue to soar over this time last year, how many people want to read about the fall of Lehman Brothers or the AIG bailout—AGAIN. (As of this afternoon, its Twitter feed had 65 followers.)According to SmartMoney Web editor Tom Weber, however, there are several reasons it is helpful to readers. One, he said, is the sense of perspective it gives about current conditions.“One of the reactions I’ve heard repeatedly from people reading the tweets,” Weber said, “is how they remember that things seemed bad this time last year, but when they see the hard facts, such as the jobless rate at under 6 percent a year ago, they have a better understanding of just how much the economy unraveled since then.”Weber said Countdown to the Crash also offers a reminder of “how much people were in denial.” “General Motors standing behind [former chairman and CEO Rick] Wagoner in August 2008? The market shooting up 3 percent because of low oil prices? With hindsight you ask yourself, What were people thinking?” he said. “And I think that’s actually a great question for readers to ponder. It will help inform their future skepticism.”If you still have some dollars to invest then maybe you should check it out.
Dan Cohen AUTHOR The 17-member Pennsylvania Military Community Enhancement Commission held its first meeting last week with the primary aim of protecting and promoting the state’s installations ahead of a future BRAC.“I am looking forward to working with my legislative colleagues as well as with economic development professionals and other volunteers on the commission to focus our efforts and activities that will protect and enhance the military value of our defense installations in serving our warfighters,” said state Sen. John Blake (D), a member of the commission who represents a district that includes Tobyhanna Army Depot.“We are aware that BRAC discussions will occur in Washington, D.C., in the years ahead. We need to work now to ensure Pennsylvania installations and Pennsylvania workers are not endangered by future BRAC decisions,” Blake said, reported the Pocono Record.The state legislature formally established the commission last year under the Pennsylvania Department of Community and Economic Development. The law establishing the commission assigned it multiple duties:establish long-term relationships with the state’s military installations and organizations;advocate at the local, state and federal levels for the enhancement of its installations;provide advice on the expansion of economic development opportunities and defense-related industry organizations;monitor federal activities affecting the state’s military facilities;engage stakeholders at the local, state and federal levels on the preservation of installations; andidentify sources of funding for economic development projects related to military installations.In addition to Tobyhanna Army Depot, the commonwealth’s installations include the Naval Support Activity and the Navy Yard in Philadelphia; the Pennsylvania Army and Air National Guard in Fort Indiantown Gap; the Defense Distribution Center in New Cumberland; Naval Support Activity in Mechanicsburg; Carlisle Barracks and the Army War College; Letterkenny Army Depot in Chambersburg; and the 911th Airlift Wing and 316th Sustainment Command in Moon.
Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations Email H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage Facebook Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet | Photo Gallery GRAMMY-winning rock band and current nominee Halestorm brought their usual swagger to the carpet with a quartet of edgy black and white suits. Alice In Chains and Bring Me The Horizon were decked out in sleek suits while GRAMMY winner Tori Kelly chose a classic black dress, Lee Ann Womack in a black-and-white dress combo and Related: Shaggy To Weird Al: 2019 GRAMMYs Premiere Ceremony In PhotosSee all the looks you may have missed on the red carpet by checking out the photo gallery.The 61st Annual GRAMMY Awards broadcast on the CBS Television Network from 8–11 p.m. ET/5–8 p.m. PT.Poll: Who Are You Most Excited To See Walk The 2019 GRAMMY Red Carpet? Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images From Halestorm to Tori Kelly and Alice In Chains, check out some of the best looks on the 61st GRAMMY Awards red carpetGRAMMYs Feb 10, 2019 – 3:29 pm It’s one of the hottest topics every year — the GRAMMY red carpet. This year at the 61st GRAMMY Awards, your favorite artists did not disappoint, from [people to people] and [more people]. H.E.R.Photo by Prince Williams/Wireimage Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Twitter Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Backstage At The 2019 GRAMMYs | Photo Gallery Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs Kacey MusgravesPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Photos: 2019 GRAMMYs Red Carpet Round-Up halestorm-bts-hot-2019-grammys-red-carpet-looks-photos Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs 2019 GRAMMY Awards Telecast | Photo Gallery Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Prev Next Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images Brandi Carlile, H.E.R. To Play The 61st GRAMMYs Who Will Voters Pick For Best Pop Album? Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Photo: Michael Loccisano/Getty Images Who Is Eligible For The Best New Artist GRAMMY? Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images 5 Ways BTS Won Our Hearts At The 2019 GRAMMYs Who Will Voters Pick For Best Latin Pop Album? Poll: Who Will Voters Choose For Best Rap Album? Who Will Voters Pick For Best Rap Performance? Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs Record Of The Year 61st GRAMMY Award Nominees 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage BTSPhoto: Kevin Mazur/Getty Images Artists React To Their 2019 GRAMMY Nominations TLC Photo: Alison Buck/Getty Images Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet 61st GRAMMY Awards Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage Album Of The Year Nominees | 61st GRAMMY Awards 2019 GRAMMY Awards Red Carpet Lady GagaPhoto: Christopher Polk/Getty Images 2019 GRAMMY Awards Premiere Ceremony Cardi B, Post Malone Among 2019 GRAMMYs Performers Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Who Will Voters Choose For Best Alternative Album? Album Of The Year vs. Record Of The Year Explained Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images John BillingsPhoto: Jesse Grant/WireImage/Getty Images Read more Halestorm To BTS: Hot 2019 GRAMMYs Red Carpet Looks In Photos Who’s Nominated For Song Of The Year? Best New Artist Nominees Revealed | 61st GRAMMYs Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures Meet The GRAMMY Man: How GRAMMYs Are Made Cardi BPhoto: Dan MacMedan/WireImage Amy Winehouse Best New Artist winner for 2007 | Photo: Peter Macdiarmid/Getty Images Poll: Who Do You Want To See On The Red Carpet? News Photo: studioEAST/Getty Images 61st GRAMMY Awards: Full Nominees & Winners List Relive GRAMMY Week 2019 In Pictures 61st GRAMMYs: Here’s Your Apple Music Playlist
HAVERHILL, MA — Northern Essex Community College students were awarded approximately $175,000 in scholarships for the 2018/2019 academic year.“Our students are deeply appreciative of the many generous individuals and organizations that make these scholarships possible,” said Jean Poth, vice president of institutional advancement. “For many of our students, a scholarship is what allows them to stay in school.”Scholarships range from $250 to $5,000 and come from a variety of sources, including private donors, memorial donations, local businesses, and private foundations.Wilmington residents Jennifer Assenza (Covanta Energy Corporation) and Sabrina Hamel (NECC PACE Program Transfer) were among this school year’s recipients.(NOTE: The above information is from Northern Essex Community College.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email email@example.com.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedSTUDENT SPOTLIGHT: 7 Wilmington Students Named To Dean’s List At Northern Essex Community CollegeIn “Education”STUDENT SPOTLIGHT: Wilmington’s O’Leary & Richardson Graduates From Northern Essex Community CollegeIn “Education”STUDENT SPOTLIGHT: Wilmington’s Cigna & Flanagan Receive Scholarships From Align Credit UnionIn “Education”
WILMINGTON, MA — The Wilmington Memorial Library now offers a pass to Lowell Spinners games. The library pass allows the purchase of up to six tickets at 50% off the regular price.The Lowell Spinners are a Minor League Baseball team affiliated with the Boston Red Sox. The season typically starts in June and ends in September. Home games are played at LeLacheur Park, situated on the banks of the Merrimack River in Lowell.Passes can be reserved from the library HERE. The library also has discounted passes to the following museums and other attractions: Boston Children’s Museum, Boston Harbor Island Ferry, deCordova Sculpture Park and Museum, Discovery Museum, Einstein’s Workshop, Isabella Stewart Gardener Museum, Mass Audubon, Massachusetts State Parks, Museum of Fine Arts, Museum of Science, New England Aquarium, Peabody Essex Museum, and Zoo New England (Stone Zoo and Franklin Park Zoo).(NOTE: The above information is from the Wilmington Memorial Library.)Like Wilmington Apple on Facebook. Follow Wilmington Apple on Twitter. Follow Wilmington Apple on Instagram. Subscribe to Wilmington Apple’s daily email newsletter HERE. Got a comment, question, photo, press release, or news tip? Email firstname.lastname@example.org.Share this:TwitterFacebookLike this:Like Loading… RelatedLIBRARY LINEUP: Summer Reading Kickoff On June 15; History Of Silver Lake On June 17In “Community”LIBRARY LINEUP: Pleasure Island Memories on June 3; Alternatives To Cable on June 5In “Community”LIBRARY LINEUP: Town Wide Yard Sale on June 8; History of Silver Lake on June 17In “Community”
Along with the photo which showed him in the underside of the helicopter trying to fix the glitch, Gandhi wrote, “Good teamwork means all hands to the deck! We had a problem with our helicopter in Una, HP today, that working together we quickly fixed. Nothing serious, thankfully.” Congress’ official Twitter account also shared a video of Gandhi with the pilot who was fixing the problem along with the caption, “Helping get our helicopter going 🙂 in Una, Himachal Pradesh(sic).”CP : @RahulGandhi Helping get ourhelicopter going 🙂 in Una, Himachal Pradesh. pic.twitter.com/JOUuYlj2cV— Congress (@CongressAICC) May 10, 2019Gandhi’s Instagram was flooded with comments for his image with many complimenting him.One user wrote, “Next prime minister of India we believe sir ❤❤””Hume aapke jaisa shant, simple, dheryavan, muskurata hua PM chahiye…. gaaliyo se baat karne wala , man m nafrat rakhne wala #Tanashah…na!” another user wrote.While one girl said, “Sometimes observing your beauty in action makes me absolutely speechless. Words fail me. @rahulgandhi ❤” Instagram/Rahul GandhiCongress President Rahul Gandhi came to the rescue in Himachal Pradesh when his helicopter faced a technical glitch and he got down from the vehicle to fix the problem himself. The incident happened while he was travelling in Una, Himachal Pradesh for a rally. Many commended him for getting his hands dirty and working with the people instead of having someone fix it. Incidentally, Gandhi’s father, former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi, was a pilot himself and had worked with Air India.Rahul took to image sharing app, Instagram to share his experience and said that with teamwork, they quickly fixed the problem.
Pranab MukherjeeChittagong University will honour visiting former Indian president Pranab Mukherjee with a Doctor of Letters (D. Litt) on Tuesday through a special convocation ceremony, reports UNB.The university has taken the decision at its 52nd syndicate meeting recently.He will leave for Chittagong by a special flight in the morning, said an official.The former Indian president is also scheduled to visit two dormitories-Surya Sen and Pritilata-during his visit and will deliver a speech for the teachers and students, university sources said.Pranab, according to his programme schedule, will visit ancestral home of Masterda Surya Sen, an influential leader of Indian independence movement against British rule, at village Noapara in Raozan upazila of Chittagong to pay homage to Surya Sen.Pranab, who served as the 13th president of India and now enjoying his retired life by reading books and writing diary, will meet president Abdul Hamid on Wednesday evening.President Hamid will host dinner in honour Pranab at Bangabhaban.The former Indian president will leave for New Delhi by Jet Airways at 10:20am on Thursday.
Map of Kabul locating a suicide bombing attack near the heavily-fortified US embassy Tuesday. AFPA suicide bomber blew himself up on a busy shopping street near the US embassy in central Kabul Tuesday, killing four people and injuring several others, officials said.It was the latest in a series of deadly attacks to hit the Afghan capital, and comes three months after a massive truck bomb ripped through the same area, killing about 150 people.Najib Danish, a spokesman for Afghanistan’s interior ministry, told AFP the explosion happened outside a private bank.The blast happened Tuesday morning at a time when many officials were expected to be collecting their salaries ahead of this week’s Eid holiday.Kabul Bank, the private institution hit by the blast, usually pays the salaries of security forces personnel and government employees.Images broadcast on Afghan television showed the bank’s mangled exterior.Waheed Majroh, a health ministry spokesman, said one dead body and eight wounded people had been brought to Kabul hospitals so far.The blast occurred on a street lined with shops and banks leading to Massoud Square, near the United States embassy and Kabul’s diplomatic area.There was no immediate claim of responsibility but Taliban insurgents are currently at the peak of their summer fighting season, and have launched several deadly assaults around the country in recent weeks.Since NATO forces ended their more than a decade-long combat mission in Afghanistan at the end of 2014, Afghan troops and police have struggled to beat back the resurgent Taliban, while facing the growing menace of the Islamic State group.Deadly assaultsIt was the latest explosion to rock the war-weary Afghan capital, and comes a week after United States President Donald Trump committed American soldiers to Afghanistan indefinitely.On May 3, a powerful blast targeting a foreign forces convoy near the US embassy and NATO headquarters killed at least eight people and wounded 28 during morning rush hour.Later in the month a massive truck bomb tore through Kabul’s diplomatic quarter, home to the presidential palace and a host of foreign embassies, killing about 150 and wounding around 400 people, mostly civilians.And on June 3 seven people were killed after suicide bombers attacked the funeral of a protester who was killed the day before during a demonstration against insecurity in Kabul.After Trump paved the way for more US forces to be sent to Afghanistan the Taliban, which ruled the war-torn country from 1996-2001, vowed to turn it into a “graveyard” for foreign forces.Afghan authorities welcomed Trump’s decision, while in neighbouring Pakistan officials batted away claims from the US president that Islamabad continued to harbour militant sanctuaries.Earlier this week Pakistan postponed a visit by a US diplomat who had been due to arrive Monday. The delegation led by Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Alice Wells was set to be the first major visit by an American official since Trump’s comments.Pakistan later announced talks with China’s special envoy on Afghan affairs, where the Chinese official “lauded Pakistan’s contribution and sacrifices made in the fight against terrorism”, according to a statement.IS insurgents have also carried out a number of deadly attacks in Kabul recently.On Friday they claimed a suicide bomb and gun attack on a Shiite mosque that killed 28 worshippers.They also killed two in an attack on the Iraq embassy earlier this month.
Share Houston is implementing new housing policies as part of a joint agreement with the federal government. This comes after an investigation by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, which found some of the city’s housing policies violated the Civil Rights Act.HUD initiated its investigation because the city refused to support the construction of a mixed-income apartment complex the Houston Housing Authority was proposing to build at the 2600 block of Fountain View Drive west of the Galleria shopping center. In a letter HUD sent to Mayor Sylvester Turner in January of last year, HUD’s investigation deemed the City was in noncompliance with title six of the Civil Rights Act because of possible discrimination on the basis of race or national origin.Residents of the area where the Houston Housing Authority wanted to build the apartment complex repeatedly complained about the project.Mayor Turner said his opposition was based on its cost, which was estimated at $56 million dollars for about 230 units — or around $240,000 per unit. Turner emphasized at the time that only 23 of the units — just 10 percent of the entire project– would be designated for families living below the poverty line.Tom McCasland is director of Houston’s Housing and Community Development Department. He tells Houston Matters producer Maggie Martin how the city is changing its policies going forward.
Texas Military DepartmentTexas National Guard troops help rescue people from flooded homes in Houston during Hurricane Harvey. Researchers are getting a better understanding of how Hurricane Harvey’s floodwaters contaminated homes and bayous, with a new study finding signs of drug-resistant bacteria in water samples collected after the storm.Scientists already knew that Harvey caused a spike in fecal bacteria, likely from sewage overflows at flooded wastewater treatment plants. But new research from a Rice University team led by Lauren Stadler found evidence of certain “indicator genes” that are essentially red flags for antibiotic-resistant bacteria.The concern, Stadler says, is that people exposed to that bacteria could’ve wound up catching what doctors call “superbugs.”“That’s when you get an infection that you can no longer treat with our normal course of antibiotics in a hospital setting,” Stadler says. It’s not clear if anyone actually developed such an infection because of Harvey, but the study suggests it’s a risk after a home is flooded. Stadler says that’s why avoiding floodwaters if you have open wounds or a weak immune system is so important. To embed this piece of audio in your site, please use this code: Share Listen X 00:00 /00:45
Popular on Variety The Kardashian-Jenner multimedia brand has millions of social-media followers — but evidently not enough of them are willing to shell out three bucks per month to get the inside dope directly from the clan’s sisters.This week Kim Kardashian West, Khloé Kardashian, Kourtney Kardashian and Kylie Jenner announced that they will stop updating their three-year-old apps and websites in 2019. The coordinated move came after another sister, Kendall Jenner, shut down her app and site last year.The Kardashian-Jenners’ digital properties, launched in 2015, were developed and managed by Whalerock Industries, the production house headed by CEO Lloyd Braun. Reps for the company didn’t respond to requests for comment.“We’ve had an incredible experience connecting with all of you through our apps these past few years but have made the difficult decision to no longer continue updating in 2019,” Kardashian West wrote in a Dec. 19 message on her website, which was identical to notices posted by Kylie and Khloé. “We truly hope you’ve enjoyed this journey as much as we have, and we look forward to what’s ahead.” The subscription model may have failed given that the celebs already share copiously on social media, including Instagram, Twitter and Facebook. Kourtney Kardashian alluded to this with a slightly different spin on her shutdown announcement, which included an additional call for fans to “follow me on Instagram to stay updated.”The sisters’ biggest platform is Instagram, where Kourtney currently has about 71 million followers, bested by Kim Kardashian (122.8 million) and Kylie (122.1 million). Kendall has 100 million and Khloé has nearly 84 million.The Kardashian-Jenner apps were free but offered additional content to subscribers who paid $2.99 per month. Kardashian West’s app, for example, has been billed as providing an “exclusive selection of free and premium paid content. The experience includes exclusive livestreams, beauty tutorials, behind-the-scenes photos and videos, personal journals, fashion content and much more.”West Hollywood-based Whalerock had big ambitions for its digital-media group through its pacts with the Kardashian-Jenners, as well as Ellen DeGeneres, Howard Stern and Tyler, the Creator. But with the shutdown of the remaining four Kardashian-Jenner apps, the only Whalerock-published apps still available are emoji/sticker apps Kim Kardashian’s Kimoji ($2.99), DJ Khaled’s Moji Talk ($1.99) and Lakers Showtime Stickers (free).Separately, still available from Glu Mobile are role-playing/story games “Kim Kardashian: Hollywood” — which generated estimated revenue of $8 million in Q2 — and “Kendall and Kylie.”Pictured above: Kim Kardashian West (left), Khloé Kardashian ×Actors Reveal Their Favorite Disney PrincessesSeveral actors, like Daisy Ridley, Awkwafina, Jeff Goldblum and Gina Rodriguez, reveal their favorite Disney princesses. Rapunzel, Mulan, Ariel,Tiana, Sleeping Beauty and Jasmine all got some love from the Disney stars.More VideosVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9Next UpJennifer Lopez Shares How She Became a Mogul04:350.5x1x1.25×1.5x2xLive00:0002:1502:15
Citation: Researchers use parkour athletes to test energy demands of tree dwelling apes (2016, November 23) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2016-11-parkour-athletes-energy-demands-tree.html (Phys.org)—A team of researchers with the Universities of Roehampton and Birmingham in the U.K. has found a unique way to measure the energy spent by tree-dwelling apes when faced with gaps in a jungle canopy. In their paper published in the journal Biology Letters, the team describes how they created an artificial canopy and enlisted the assistance of parkour athletes to find out how the different approaches to dealing with canopy gaps compared. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Living in the trees can sometimes require the expenditure of enormous amounts of energy, particularly when attempting to move between trees when there is a gap. An ape, such as an orangutan, must size up the situation and make a decision—try to jump, to swing across, or climb down to the ground and then climb up the other tree. Factors at play include the gap distance, fear of falling, estimated strength of the branches and the size of the ape. The researchers wondered if energy expenditure might also play a role—after all, the more energy an ape uses in getting around, the more food it must obtain and consume.Figuring that it was likely impossible to measure the amount of energy being used by real apes in their natural environment the researchers looked for a viable substitute and found parkour athletes.Parkour athletes are people who engage in moving around in urban environments without using any equipment—they jump from building to building, climb walls and do whatever comes to them as they attempt to get from one place to another. Similar in many respects, the researchers noted, to the behavior of apes up in the trees.To test the energy requirements of dealing with canopy gaps the researchers created artificial tree branches from fiberglass poles and vines using ropes and ladders. They then fitted each of 28 athletes with a mask that allowed for monitoring oxygen intake—a measure of energy use. The researchers than had the athletes engage in a variety of activities meant to simulate the various actions an ape might take when faced with a gap.In studying the data, the researchers found that climbing down and back up consumed the most energy by far—the energy requirements for jumping or swinging, on the other hand, were much more complicated. It depended on how stiff the branches were, the distance of the gap, number of sways needed and how big the athletes were.The findings by the team offer some possible explanations regarding why some apes spend more time on the ground than others and perhaps why human ancestors abandoned tree-dwelling altogether. Urban athletes show that for orangutans, it pays to sway More information: Lewis G. Halsey et al. Bridging the gap: parkour athletes provide new insights into locomotion energetics of arboreal apes, Biology Letters (2016). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0608AbstractThe tree canopy is an energetically challenging environment to traverse. Along with compliant vegetation, gaps in the canopy can prove energetically costly if they force a route-extending detour. Arboreal apes exhibit diverse locomotion strategies, including for gap crossing. Which one they employ in any given scenario may be influenced by the energy costs to do so, which are affected by the details of the immediate environment in combination with their body size. Measuring energetics of arboreal apes is not tractable; thus our knowledge in this area is limited. We devised a novel, custom-made experimental set-up to record the energy expenditure of parkour athletes tree-swaying, jumping and vertical climbing. The latter strategy was vastly more expensive, indicating that when energy economy is the focus arboreal apes will prioritize routes that limit height changes. Whether tree-swaying or jumping was most economical for the athletes depended upon interactions between tree stiffness, the distance to cross, number of tree-sways required and their own mass. Updated analysis of previous interspecific correlations suggests that whether the relative costs to vertical climb are size-invariant across primate species is complicated by details of the climbing context. © 2016 Phys.org Journal information: Biology Letters Horizontal jumping (a); pole swaying (b); climbing a ladder (c) and a rope (d). Photographs by Lewis Halsey. Credit: Biology Letters (2016). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2016.0608